Malang City is a popular city in East Java. It is well-known for its cool weather, apples and education. The Major is Sutiaji. He is elected in a fair and competitive election. “Malang Kucecwara ” is the slogan of Malang which means “God has destroyed the false and enforced the right”. Apart from being a popular tourism spot, Malang is also rich of traditional and historical values. Being historically wealthy, Malang is also heaven for archaeologists yearning to study ancient temples. There are world-famous Hindu temples, such as Singosari and Badut. Besides its ancient buildings, Malang is also a proud host of natural beauty; the province’s loyal visitors are often found enjoying the beaches in the southern part of Malang, i.e. Balekambang and Sempu, and the wondrous scenery in the area of one of the world’s most active volcanoes, Mount Semeru, in the east.
The history of Malang Regency could be revealed through the Dinoyo inscription 760 AD as the primary official document to support the birth of Malang before a new inscription was discovered in 1986, which is so far not yet revealed. According to the inscription, it was concluded that the 8th century was the beginning of the existence of Malang Regency’s government due to the birth of King Gajayana’s ruling of his kingdom in Malang. From the Dinoyo inscriptions, it is noted that the inscription used the “Candra Sengkala” or “Cronogram” Calendar, and stated that the birth date of Malang Regency was on Jum’at Legi (sweet Friday) of 28 November 760 AD.
The city was incorporated into Mataram Sultanate in 1614, then transferred to Dutch colonial rule. Malang was modernized under the Dutch; its cool climate which results from its elevation, along with its proximity to the major port of Surabaya, made it a popular destination for the Dutch and other Europeans. In 1879, Malang was connected to Java’s railroad network, further increasing development and leading to increased industrialization.
As a centre of tourism, Malang has various places of interest which can be classified into local, regional, national and international standards, including traditional dance performances such as Tari Topeng (Mask Dance), Jaran Pegon, Tari Beskalan (Beskalan Dance), etc. There are also ‘Topeng’ or Mask handicraft at the villages of Jabung and Kedungmonggo which have become a familiar landmark in Malang Regency.
Like most of Java, a large majority of Malang residents are Muslim; there are small minorities of Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. Many buildings of worship still stand from their construction in the colonial era. For example, City of Malang Grand Mosque (Masjid Agung Kota Malang) in Malang City Square (Alun-alun Kota Malang); Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Gereja Katolik Hati Kudus Yesus) in Kayutangan; Saint Mary from Mount Carmel Cathedral (Gereja Ijen or Katedral Santa Maria dari Gunung Karmel) in Ijen Street, which is the seat for the Roman Chatolic Diocese of Malang; The Immanuel Protestant Church in Alun-alun; and Eng An Kiong (永安宮) Buddhist Temple in Jl. Laksamana Martadinata No. 1 Malang. Malang is also famous for being the centre of religious education, this is evident with the existence of many Islamic schools (pesantren) and bible seminaries. Malang also has a convent, among other Carmel Monastery, Ursuline Convent, Misericordia monastery, Monastery of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Brothers, Convent of the Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Monastery Mission Congregatio Brother, Brother Abbey Projo, Passionist Monastery, and several other monasteries.
The last but not the least, Malang is also famous for its original language: Boso Walikan. Bahasa Walikan Malangan—whose name literally means the “Reversed language of Malang”—used only in the city of Malang—pulls from both the Indonesian and Javanese lexicon, flipping around their pronunciation so that the Indonesian mobil ‘car’ becomes libom and Javanese arek ‘child’ becomes kera. This mixed language functions not only to express the experience of the world “through the eyes a Malangese”, its use is also the performative creation of urban identity.